Nervous System Diseases – classification, causes, symptoms, treatment

Nervous diseases are pathological changes of various etiologies in the functionality of the nervous system. These diseases are the subject of research in a special science – neurology. The nervous system (NS) includes the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), peripheral (nerve branches from the spinal cord and brain), and ganglia (nerve nodes). The nervous system is ramified and interconnects human systems and organs. It is for this reason that nervous diseases directly affect the state of each system of the body, primarily the immune, endocrine, and cardiovascular. The feedback is also observed: dysfunctions of any of the systems (mainly the immune system) cause various nervous diseases.

 

Diseases of the nervous system: classification

Diseases of the nervous system, depending on their etiology, are divided into 5 groups.

 1. Vascular diseases of the nervous system.

These pathologies arise from disturbances in the structures of the brain due to cerebrovascular insufficiency and circulatory disorders. The danger of these diseases is that they lead to disability and even premature death of a person, if, of course, they are not treated. These nervous diseases arise and develop, as a rule, due to atherosclerosis or hypertension and are manifested by headaches, nausea, impaired sensitivity, and coordination of movement. Outstanding representatives of this group of nervous diseases: stroke, discirculatory encephalopathy, Parkinson’s disease.

2.Infectious diseases of the nervous system.

With this type of nervous disease, there is an infectious (viral, fungal, parasitic, bacterial) lesion, mainly of the brain, and the spinal cord and peripheral region suffer very rarely. The brightest “representatives” of this group of diseases: measles, malaria, encephalitis, meningitis, brain abscess, arachnoiditis … These diseases of the NS manifest themselves with headaches, impaired consciousness, fever, nausea, and vomiting.

3. Hereditary nervous disease systems.

This type of nervous disease, in turn, is genomic or chromosomal. With genomic pathologies, the neuromuscular system is affected, the result of which is the dysfunction of the locomotor system, the endocrine system. And the “representative” of chromosomal pathology is Down’s disease.

4. Chronic diseases of the nervous system.

These pathologies arise as a result of complex reasons: the specific structure of the NS and the infectious effect on it, which leads to disturbances in the body’s metabolic processes. These are such nervous diseases as myasthenia gravis, sclerosis. This type of disease is systemic in nature and lasts a long time, which leads to a decrease in the normal functionality of some body systems.

5. Traumatic diseases of the nervous system.

Well, from the name it is easy to guess that this group of pathologies arises as a result of injuries, bruises, and other mechanical effects on the organs of the National Assembly. This group includes, for example, such nervous diseases as concussion, traumatic neuritis, spinal cord injury.


Nervous diseases: causes

Human NS “penetrates” into the organs of the immune, endocrine, cardiovascular and other systems, and for this reason diseases of any of these systems, primarily the immune system, are the cause of nervous diseases.
But the main cause of diseases of the nervous system is, of course, infectious pathogens:

  • bacteria (streptococcus, staphylococcus, pneumococcus, meningococcus);
  • viruses;
  • various fungi and parasites.

These infections cause nervous diseases of any type: hereditary, traumatic, chronic, vascular … They (infections) infect our NS by the placental route (from mother to child), or through the peripheral NS, this is how the defeat goes, for example, herpesvirus infection, rabies virus, poliomyelitis.
Other causes of nervous diseases:

  • mechanical damage to the organs of the National Assembly;
  • brain tumors and their metastases;
  • causes of a hereditary nature;
  • chronic pathologies (Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, chorea).

There are causes of nervous diseases that underlie the violation of a healthy lifestyle:

  • unhealthy diet ;
  • lack of nutrients in the body ( vitamins, drugs, various bioactive compounds);
  • the wrong attitude towards life, which leads to various stressful situations and depressive states;
  • excessive use of various medications, incl. antidepressants, barbiturates, opiates, antibiotics, anticancer drugs.

Also, any immune disease or disease of the endocrine system can cause a disease of the nervous system – this is detected with the help of appropriate diagnostics.

Nervous disorders: symptoms

The manifestation of one or another disease of the nervous system depends on which “area” of the NS has undergone pathological damage.
So, for example, nervous diseases with brain damage have symptoms:

  • dizziness;
  • headache ;
  • impaired coordination when walking;
  • speech impairment;
  • decreased visual function;
  • hearing impairment;
  • paresis;
  • violation of the psycho-emotional state.

Nervous diseases that have arisen due to damage to the spinal cord are manifested by symptoms:

  • violation of sensitivity below the lesion;
  • violation of motor function (before paralysis).

Pathologies of the peripheral NS are manifested:

  • loss of sensitivity in the limbs;
  • muscle atrophy;
  • somatics in affected areas;
  • violations of the motor skills of the hands and feet;
  • trophic disorders in the affected area.

Among other things, the obvious symptoms of nervous diseases: sleep disturbance, loss of memory, intelligence, psycho-emotional breakdowns, tantrums, epileptic seizures, disturbance of habitual mental activity.

Diagnosis of complications of the nervous system

Diagnosing these pathologies begins with interviewing the patient. They find out his complaints, attitude to work, the environment, find out the current diseases (special attention – infectious), analyze the patient for the adequacy of reactions to external stimuli, his intellect, orientation in space and time. In case of suspicion of nervous diseases, instrumental diagnostics of diseases of the nervous system are “connected”.
The basis of instrumental diagnostics of these pathologies:

  • Echo-EG;
  • X-ray of the spine;
  • EEG;
  • electromyography;
  • REG;
  • neurosonography (for a child of the first year of life).

But today there are other accurate methods for diagnosing nervous diseases: magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography, positron emission tomography of the brain, duplex scanning, ultrasound scan of the vessels of the head.
Since the NS is interconnected and depends on other body systems, then when diagnosing diseases of the nervous systems, it is obligatory to consult a cardiologist, endocrinologist, immunologist, ophthalmologist, an orthopedist. And it is for these purposes that blood, urine, biopsy, and other general diagnostic data are taken.


 

Nervous disorders: treatment

The choice of a method for treating diseases of the nervous system depends on many factors: the type of pathology, the patient’s immune status, symptoms of the disease, the characteristics of the patient’s body, etc.
Nervous diseases, the treatment of which gives the desired result in combination with a certain way of life, as a rule, go away with changes in psychology human. Optimists, as scientists state, suffer from nervous diseases less often than pessimists.
For the treatment of these diseases, exercise therapy, physiotherapy, reflexotherapy, mechanotherapy, manual therapy are used. Surgical intervention is used for brain tumors, abscesses, aneurysms, intracerebral hematomas, as well as individual cases of Parkinson’s disease.
For psycho-emotional problems, doctors advise antidepressants. We are against the use of such drugs, for the reason that they do not solve the problem, but only “postpone” it for a while, while causing side effects.
In the complex therapy of nervous diseases, we recommend taking Transfer Factor. This drug is a component of our immune system, it is an “extract” from bovine colostrum and chicken egg yolks of transfer factors

  1. immune molecules – carriers of immune “memory”. Once in the body, these particles:
    1. restore the normal functioning of the nervous and immune systems and human metabolic processes;
    2. enhance the therapeutic effect of drugs that a person takes,
    3. transfer factors “record” cases of invasion of foreign bodies into the body, information about these agents, and methods of their neutralization. With the repeated invasion of these foreign agents, transfer factors “extract” information about them, and the immune system, using this information, destroy them.

Such an algorithm of action is available only for this immunomodulator, which, today, has no analogs in the world, either in terms of effectiveness or safety for humans.
When treating nervous diseases by any method, it is advisable to use the Transfer factor Advance, or Classic – this increases the chance for a safe cure of this disease. This immune drug is required when antibiotics or antidepressants are used.