Hematology Mnemonics of Pathology – Hematopoietic System Mnemonics

Hematology Mnemonics of Sickle cell disease
Signs
MnemonicSICKLE
Splenomegaly/Sludging
Infection
C Cholelithiasis
K Kidney – haematuria
L Liver congestion/Leg ulcers
Eye changes

 

Hematology Mnemonics of Leukemia
Symptoms and sings
MnemonicLEUKEMIA (the US
spelling!)
L Light skin (pallor)
E Energy decreased/Enlarged spleen, liver, lymph nodes
U Underweight
K Kidney failure
E Excess heat (fever)
Mottled skin (haemorrhage)
Infections
Anaemia

 


Hematology Mnemonics of Thrombocytopenia
Causes
Mnemonic: PLATELETS
P Platelet disorders: TTP, ITP, DIC
L Leukaemia
Anaemia
T Trauma
E Enlarged spleen
Liver disease
E Ethanol
T Toxins: benzene, heparin, aspirin, chemotherapy.
S Sepsis

 

Hematology Mnemonics of Immune thrombocytopaenia purpura (ITP)
Causes
MnemonicMAID
M MalignancyA Autoimmune diseases: SLE, thyroid disease, RA
I Infections: malaria, EBV, HIV/Idiopathic (commonest cause)
D Drugs, e.g. quinine

 

Symptoms
Mnemonic: BBC
B Bruising
Bleeding: mucosal and nasal
Cycles heavy; menorrhagia

 

 

Macrocytosis: Non-B12/folate
causes
 ALPHA NERD:
Alcohol
Liver disease
Pregnancy
Hemaolysis (especially chronic)
Agglutination
Neoplasia (including
myelodysplasia)
Endocrine (hypothyroidism)
Reticulocytes
Drugs (especially
myelosuppressives like chemotherapy, anti-HIV meds)

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Microcytic anemia: causes&nbsp;”Find Those Small
Cells”:
F
e deficiency
T
halassemia
S
ideroblastic
C
hronic disease

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