Endocrinology Mnemonics of Pathology – Endocrine System Mnemonics

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Thyroid carcinoma: frequency “Please Feel My
A$$”:
In order of most frequent to least frequent, and in order from least aggressive
to most aggressive:
Papillary carcinoma
Follicular carcinoma
Medullary thyroid carcinoma
Anaplastic carcinoma

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Diabetes: short list of complications SHAKE:
Stroke
Heart attack
Amputations
Kidney disease
Eyes (vision loss)

 

 

Phaeochromocytoma: diagnositc rule · Rule of 10’s
10% ectopic
10% multiple
10% malignant

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Goitre: differential GOITRE:
Goitrogens
Onset of puberty
Iodine deficiency
Thyrotoxicosis/ Tumor/ Thyroiditis [Hashimoto’s] Reproduction [pregnancy] Enzyme deficiencies

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Endocrinology Mnemonics of Adrenal disorders: Cushing’s vs Addison’s Cushing: is
Gushing cortisol.
In Addison’s: patient’s cortisol doesn’t 
Add up.

 

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Thyrotoxicosis syndrome: signs and symptoms “A Penny
For Every Symptom That Hyperthyroidism Will
Make Grossly Evident”:
Anxiety
Palpitations/ Pulse rapid
Fatigability
Emotional lability
Sweating
Tremor
Heat intolerance
Weight loss with good appetite
Muscular weakness/ Menstrual changes
Goitre
Eye changes

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Endocrinology Mnemonics of Gynecomastia: causes DaLAS:
Digitalis
Leydig cell tumors
Alcohol
Sertoli cell tumors

 

Pathology Mnemonics of Congenital Disorders

 

 

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Multiple endocrine neoplasia III: components MEN 
III is a disease of 3 Ms:
Medullary thyroid carcinoma
Medulla of adrenal (pheochromocytoma)
Mucosal neuroma

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of MEN I (Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia) syndrome: components “Please
Please Pay Attention Tpeptic ulceration,
you worms“:
Adenomas of:
P
ituatary
P
ancreatic islets
P
arathyroid
A
drenal cortex
T
hyroid, associated with peptic ulceration
· Syndrome is called “Wermer’s syndrome”.

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Addison’s disease: features ADDISON:
Autoimmune
DIC (meningcoccus)
Destruction by cancer, infection, vascular insufficiency
Iatrogenic
Sarcoidosis, granulomatous such as TB histiomycosis
hypOtension/ hypOnatermia
Nelson’s syndrome [post adrelectomy, increased ACTH]

 

 

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Cushing syndrome CUSHING:
Central obesity/ Cervical fat pads/ Collagen fiber
weakness/ Comedones (acne)
Urinary free corisol and glucose increase
Striae/ Suppressed immunity
Hypercortisolism/ Hypertension/ Hyperglycemia/ Hirsutism
Iatrogenic (Increased administration of corticosteroids)
Noniatrogenic (Neoplasms)
Glucose intolerance/ Growth retardation

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Diabetic ketoacidosis: I vs. II ketONE bodies are
seen in type ONEdiabetes.

 

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Baldness risk factors “Daddy Doesn’t Deny
Getting Hair Implants”:
Diet
Disease
Drugs
Genes
Hormones
Injury to the scalp

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Thyroid storm characteristics “Storm HITS girls cAMP“:
Thyroid storm due to:
Hyperthyroidism
Infection or Illness at childbirth
Trauma
Surgery
· girls: Thyroid storm more common in females.
· cAMP: Tx involves high dose of beta blockers (beta receptors work via
cAMP)
· Alternatively: “S#IT storm“: Surgery, Hyperthyroidism, 
I
nfection/ Illness, Trauma.

 

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Hypothyroidism/thyroiditis: maifestations and morphology “A
SCHISM
 among the Axis during WWII”:
Addison disease
Subacute thyroiditis
Cretinism/ Cold intolerance/ Constipation
Hashimoto’s disease
Infectious-subacute thyroiditis
Silent thyroiditis
Myxedema coma

The Axis: Schimidt syndrome (when other endocrinology disorders accompany Hashimoto’s disease) and “Hitler cells” (Hurthle cells, which are follicular epithelial cells with basophilic inculsions)

 

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Pheochromocytoma: 3 most common symptoms “PHEochromocytoma”:
Palpitations
Headache
Edisodic sweating (diaphoresis)

 

Endocrinology Mnemonics of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN) subtype classification
Each subtype has 2 or 3 causes, plus something 1 or 2 more items.
MEN I is disease of 3 P’s: [Pituitary, Parathyroid, Pancreas] plus one more: adrenal cortex.
MEN II is disease of 2 C’s: [Carcinoma of thyroid, Catacholamines
(pheochromocytoma)] plus two more: parathyroid for MEN IIa or mucocutaneous
neuromas for MEN IIB (also called MEN III).

 

Pathology Mnemonics of Congenital Disorders

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