Since 2005, World Hypertension Day is officially celebrated around the world on the second Saturday of May at the initiative of the World Health Organization in close cooperation with the World League Against Hypertension and the International Society of Hypertension. The purpose of the Day is to bring information to the general public about the danger of this disease and the severity of its medical complications, as well as to increase knowledge about methods of prevention and early diagnosis.
Hypertension (World Hypertension Day)
Hypertension is a chronic disease related to diseases of the circulatory system and is accompanied by a persistent increase in blood pressure above the permissible limits (systolic pressure above 140 mm Hg and diastolic pressure above 90 mm Hg). Blood pressure often rises in people who abuse salty, fatty foods, alcohol, in stressful situations, high cholesterol levels, smoking, low physical activity, burdened with heredity. The prevalence of hypertension is extremely high. Every year 7 million people die in the world and 15 million suffer from high blood pressure. It is the most significant risk factor for death in the world.
A stable increase in blood pressure can be detected for the first time at any age. In the elderly, it is detected much more often than in young people. In persons 20-30 years old, high blood pressure is detected in every tenth person, in persons 40-50 years old – in every fifth, among people over 60 years old, two out of three have high blood pressure.
It must be remembered that hypertension is a “silent killer”. Hypertension has no obvious symptoms other than high blood pressure. This disease affects vital organs – target organs: brain, heart, blood vessels, retina, kidneys. Arterial hypertension is one of the most common risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases and their complications, such as myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular accident (cerebrovascular disease).
Diseases of the circulatory system occupy a leading place among all causes of death in most countries of the world, including Russia. And diseases characterized by high blood pressure occupy a leading place among diseases of the circulatory system.
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May 17, 2021 – World Hypertension Day
Newly identified incidence of diseases characterized by high blood pressure among the population of the Volgograd region
The leading nosological forms of newly diagnosed morbidity of the population of the Volgograd region with diseases of the circulatory system are diseases characterized by high blood pressure, the average regional indicator of which in 2019 was 732.7 per 100 thousand population. In dynamics for 5 years, starting from 2016, the rate of newly diagnosed incidence of these diseases decreased by 10.4%.
Dynamics of indicators of newly diagnosed morbidity of the population of the Volgograd region with diseases characterized by high blood pressure in 2015-2019.
Reducing morbidity and mortality from diseases of the circulatory system, including from diseases characterized by high blood pressure, among the population can be achieved through a mass and individual prevention strategy, which consists of changing the lifestyle and environmental factors associated with diseases, as well as their social and economic consequences.
Comprehensive prevention includes the following activities:
- Adequate physical activity
- Healthy balanced diet
- Minimization of stress effects on the body
- Giving up alcohol
- Quitting tobacco use
- Blood pressure level control
- Weight control
- Control of blood glucose and cholesterol levels.