World Hypertension Day -2021 by WHO: History, Goal, Topics

World Hypertension Day is celebrated annually on May 17. It was initiated by the World Hypertension League (WHL), the parent organization of national hypertension leagues and communities around the world. This day aims to raise awareness about hypertension and spread knowledge about this common cardiovascular disease.

History of World Hypertension Day

       Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries rises continuously. According to statistics, about 20-30% of the world’s adult population has high blood pressure. Hypertension is sometimes called the “silent killer” because it does not cause any symptoms and can go unnoticed and not respond to treatment for many years, but it is a major risk factor for hypertension, stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and some other dangerous states.

  • Hypertension is a public health epidemic.
  • About 4 in 10 adults over 25 have hypertension, and in many countries another 1 in 5 have prehypertension.
  • It is estimated that 9/10 of adults who live up to 80 develop hypertension.
  • One-half of blood pressure-related diseases occur in people with higher blood pressure levels, even within the normal range.


       Many people do not even know they have hypertension and many of those who do nothing about it. This is why it is important to raise awareness about hypertension and make it clear to hypertensive patients that keeping track of blood pressure and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help prevent complications associated with high blood pressure.


Worlds Hypertension Day goal:

  • Raise awareness of the value of early detection and treatment.
  • Promote interdisciplinary collaborative research and serve the community.
  • To reduce the effect and frequency of high blood pressure.
  • Improve consensus and guidelines for the prevention and treatment of hypertension.
  • Provide information about hypertension to the whole world.
  • Motivate people to have their blood pressure checked regularly at least once a year.
  • Encourage people with hypertension to see their GP for regular check-ups and proper treatment.
  • To help all ordinary people, especially young people, to maintain their normal weight, normal cholesterol levels, normal blood pressure, a healthy lifestyle, healthy eating, regular exercise, etc.
  • Encourage people to give up their bad habits, such as drinking alcohol, lazy diets, fatty foods, fried and spicy foods, smoking, obesity, overweight, etc.

“Reducing salt intake is not only important for those who already have high blood pressure – limiting the amount of added salt is essential for all of us to stay in good health.” – Joel Furman

How is Hypertension Day

     The first World Hypertension Day took place on May 14, 2005. Since 2006, it has been celebrated annually on May 17th. Each campaign has a specific theme. Through these themes, the World League of Hypertension aims to raise awareness not only of hypertension itself, but also of ways to keep blood pressure under control.

Topics for World Hypertension Day:

  • 2005 – “Awareness of High Blood Pressure.”
  • 2006 – “Moving towards the goal.”
  • 2007 – “Healthy Eating, Healthy Blood Pressure.”
  • 2008 – “Measure your blood pressure … at home.”
  • 2009 – “Salt and High Blood Pressure: Two Silent Killers.”
  • 2010 – “Healthy Weight – Healthy Blood Pressure.”
  • 2011 – “Know your numbers and focus on your blood pressure.”
  • 2012 – “Healthy Lifestyle – Healthy Blood Pressure.”
  • 2013 – “Healthy Heartbeat – Healthy Blood Pressure.”
  • 2014 – “Know Your Arterial Blood Pressure.”
  • 2015 – “Know Your Blood Pressure.”
  • 2016 – “Know Your Blood Pressure.”
  • 2017 – “Know Your Blood Pressure.”
  • 2018 – “Know Your Blood Pressure.”
  • 2019 – “Know your numbers.”
  • 2020 – May 17 (Sun)
  • 2021 – May 17 (Mon)
  • 2022 – May 17 (Tue)
  • 2023 – May 17 (Wed)
  • 2024 – May 17 (Fri)
  • 2025 – May 17 (Sat)