PICO project: Evidence Based Medicine Intervention & Outcomes

Evidence-Based Medicine: PICO project

Task 1
Clinical question about diagnostic on PICO project
Patient (problem, population) Patient with Pneumonia.
Intervention Oxygen therapy, coughing, deep breathing, adequate hydration, and mechanical ventilation.
Comparison These findings have major implications in the selection of empirical antibiotics, which depend on the scoring method used to assess the severity of pneumonia.
Outcome ough, which may produce greenish, yellow, or even bloody mucus, Fever, sweating and shaking chills, Rapid, shallow breathing.
Clinical question about prophylaxis (prevention of disease) on PICO project
Patient (problem, population) Patient with Asthma.
Intervention Meditation, yoga, and breathing exercises are good for asthma patients, And for children, massage therapy maybe helpful. And the need of some medication.
Comparison Assessment of eosinophilic airway inflammation using induced sputum and measurement of airway hypertension provide additional, clinically important information related to asthma control. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of various treatments on these markers in patients with asthma and persistent symptoms, despite the use of low-dose inhaled corticosteroids.
Outcome However, some patients with asthma, especially those with more severe disease, are at risk of developing impaired lung function during childhood, low levels of lung function, and excessive decline in lung function in adulthood. , Which can be life-threatening. Impaired lung function.
Clinical question about treatment on PICO project
Patient (problem, population) Patient with diabetes mellitus
Intervention Intervention in people with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM).
Comparison Human insulin when not available then Animal insulin is given to patients in comparison to human insulin.
Outcome Heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease can result in premature death. Disability due to blindness, amputation, heart disease, stroke, and nerve damage may occur.
Clinical question about prognosis on PICO project
Patient (problem, population) Patients with allergy.
Intervention avoid your allergy triggers, medications can help reduce allergic reaction, carry an emergency epinephrine shot at all times
Comparison A major difference is the beginning of their action. Cetirizine reduces allergy symptoms in an hour while loratadine may take up to three hours to take effect. The second difference is that cetirizine is more seductive than loratadine and is more likely to cause drowsiness.
outcome runny nose, itchy or watery eyes, hives, swelling, can ease itchy, red, swollen eyes, asal and sinus congestion.

 

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